Grape types in Hungary

 

Buda Green

Buda Green is considered a Hungarian grape variety, which emerged in the Carpathian Basin. It has been related to the Badacsony wine region since the phylloxera epidemic. With large, dense clusters, it yields abundantly. Its acidity is characteristic, often even too harsh.

Cirfandli

A real curiosity of a white grape. It is planted basically only around Pécs, at the Mecsekalja in Hungary. Its grapes are small with thin husk, and being a late ripening type, is very susceptible to rotting.

Csaba gyöngye (Csaba’s Pearl)

One of the earliest ripening, popular white grapes of the European vineyards. It was bred in Hungary at the beginning of the 20th century by the legendary János Mathias in Kecskemét, by interbreeding Muscat Ottonel and the then unknown Bronnerstraube types.

Cserszegi Fűszeres

An early ripening variety, less vulnerable to rotting, the basis of an aromatic, flavorful wine. It was made as a cross between Traminer and Irsai Oliver by Kornél Bakonyi in 1960.

Ezerfürtű

A grape variety considered of average quality, with usually a neutral wine taste. It was produced by a cross between Traminer and Hárslevelű by András Kurucz and István Kwaysser in 1950 in Hungary.

Ezerjó

An ancient Hungarian grape variety, the main grape of the Mór wine region. Its wine is characteristic, with profound acidity. It has a high yield but is sensitive to frost and rotting. In its best years, it can produce late harvest wines or wines made of desiccated grapes.

Furmint

Its origins and past are largely unclear. The wine it produces is aromatic, fiery, acidic, a little sour, but very elegant if cultivated properly.
It is the main variety present in Tokaj-Hegyalja and Somló. A great value and versatile Hungarian variety.

Hárslevelű

Possibly a native to Hungary, it is known as Lipovina to the south. It produces a full-bodied, fresh acidic wine with the fine taste and aroma of linden honey. On its own it is the basis of Debrői Hárslevelű, while blended with Furmint, it produces the Tokaj wine specialties.

Irsai Oliver

A very popular Hungarian white grape variety, which is widely used for vinification as well as for consumption. The variety was crossed between Csaba Gyöngye and Pozsony White in 1930 by Pál Kocsis. It is vinified as a low acidic, fresh and refreshing white wine with a distinctive Muscat character.

Juhfark

One of the oldest Hungarian varieties, most common in the Somló wine region. Its wine is aromatic, characteristic, with a substantial dryness.

Kadarka

Kadarka is a true ‘Hungaricum’. It was brought to Hungary by the Serbs fleeing the Balkans from the Turks. Its special spicy aroma and flavor makes it distinct among the red wines. Its high extract content is one of its merits. Its acids are a little too lively.

Kéknyelű (Blue Stem)

Although its origins unknown, today it is mostly present in Badacsony, where it is vinified on its own. It produces a very dense, well-structured wine, which in certain years may reach an extremely good quality. Planted only on a few dozens of acres.

Királyleányka

A Transylvanian grape variety. Presumably it is a natural cross between Kövérszőlő and Leányka. Its wine is tremendously and elegantly rich in aromas, with high acidity. The scent of green apple, lemon, orange and gooseberry are all present in its rich, fruity acids.

Kövidinka

A typical table wine, with both white and red versions. Presumably an ancient Hungarian variety.

Leányka

Its wine is aromatic, and usually light and flavorful.
It is an old Transylvanian variety. It is still most common in the Transylvanian wine regions, and is most well-known in Hungary in Eger.

Menoire

Menoire is a blue grape variety with its origins in France. In Hungary it is also called Blue Medoc or Medoc Noir.
A very early ripening grape, susceptible to rotting, with a Muscat flavor. It is mostly planted in Szekszárd and Eger in Hungary.

Muscat Ottonel

Ottonel, or as it was originally called, Muscat Ottonel is a French-bred variety, produced by Robert Moreau in 1852. It is an early ripening variety with mid-size grapes and a nice muscat flavor. Its wines are usually mellow, very aromatic and rich in flavor. It is present in almost all wine regions in Hungary.

Nektár (Nectar)

Nektar is a cross between Judit and Cserszegi Fűszeres. Its wine is characteristic, intense, aromatic and spicy-muscat flavored.

Olaszrizling (Welschriesling)

A grape variety originating in France, supposedly in Champagne. It is our most widespread quality wine grape type. It has an extremely high yield and likes the climate of the Carpathian Basin as well as lesser conditions. It is not sensitive to the soil either – it thrives even in sand. It is a late ripening type, stores a lot of sugar and is susceptible to botrytis.

Pinot Blanc

An early ripening, tasty, aromatic variety. Its wine is similarly popular, excellent quality and aromatic. It originates in Burgundy, France, and is widespread all over the world.

Pinot Noir

One of the ingredients of the famous Champagne sparkling wine, this grape variety emerged in France. Its wine is usually fine, elegant and fruity with a high tannin content. It has an excellent flavor and a beautiful ruby color.

Portugieser

The grape variety, known in Hungary as Kékoportó, has its origin presumably in Portugal. The wine it produces is generally mellow, fruity, with a deep red to ruby color.
In Hungary it is most widespread in southern Dunántúl, and is one of the most popular types in Villány.

Rhine Riesling

The variety, originating from the Rhine area, is well-known in most countries and it produces quality wine. This grape is the one called riesling all over the world.
Its grape juice has an average sugar content with high acidity. Its wine is aromatic and tasty, with a bit of a hard character an delicate acidity.

Sagrantino

An Italian grape variety from the area of Umbria.
It produces a very dark wine, with high tannin content, with a characteristic cinnamon-plum aroma.

Muscat Lunel

One of the oldest European grape varieties, it comes from the south of France. It produces one of the finest Muscat flavors, its grapes are small and succulent, with a must with an average sugar and acid content. In Hungary, its main planting area is Tokaj-Hegyalja.

Sauvignon Blanc

It has its origin in France – it is one of the most well-known varieties in the world. Its wine is in fashion. With an exquisite flavor and having a solid character, it has aroma notes reminiscent of elderflower, gooseberry, nettle and freshly cut grass.

Semillon

It is a medium ripening variety, its wine is aromatic, with average contents, reminiscent mostly to Sauvignon Blanc. It originated in France and is fairly rare in Hungary.

Shyrah

It is known and cultivated in many wine making countries and is widespread especially in France. Syrah produces especially full-bodied wines, with a relatively high tannin and acid content.

Pinot Gris

Pinot Gris (Szürkebarát or Pinot Griggio), a well-known member of the pinot family, is coming from France. Its wine has a spicy, honey-like bouquet, in better years with a higher sugar degree, producing a sweeter wine.

Tannat

A blue grape variety originating in south-western France.
Outside Europe, it is popular in the wine regions of the New World, eg. it is the national grape variety of Uruguay.

Traminer

Traminer, or as it is popularly known, spicy Traminer comes from South Tyrol, now in Italy. The eponymous settlement of Tramin still exists. The wine made from Traminer is spicy both in taste and aroma. In Hungary it can be found in all the wine regions.

Turan

Turan, a Hungarian blue grape variety, was crossed in 1964 by József Csizmazia and László Bereznai.
Among its ancestors are Kadarka and Menoire. Due to its extremely high color-concentrate, it works great as a coloring grape.

Viognier

Viognier, a white grape variety, originates in France, from the northern valley of the river Rhone. It is an aromatic, fruity and flavorsome variety. In Hungary it is cultivated mostly in Eger and Szekszárd.

Zefír (Zephyr)

It came into existence by the crossing of two ancient Hungarian varieties, Hárslevelű and Leányka, which are great matches with the soil of Pannonhalma, favorable for white wines. The special wine it produces is distinct, with an intense Muscat taste and blackcurrant aroma, while being fine in flavor and mellow in character.

Zenit

A white grape variety bred in Hungary in 1951 by Ferenc Király and his associates by crossing Ezerjó and the French Bouvier. The wine made from Zenit is very rich in flavor and aroma and its acids are uniquely harmonious.

Zeus

Zeus is a white grape variety made from Ezerjó and Bouvier. It was crossed in 1951 in Pécs by Ferenc Király.
A characteristic variety of the Badacsony series.

Grüner Veltliner

It is an Austrian variety of white grape, with distinctly green clusters even when ripe, and producing a green must. Its wine is considered of average quality by the enologists but in better years and using the appropriate technology, it produces a very agreeable wine.

Zweigelt

Zweigelt is a blue grape variety crossed in Austria in 1920 by Fritz Zweigelt. Its base was Kékfrankos (Blaufrankisch) and it was crossed with St. Laurent grapes, lesser known in Hungary. The wine made from Zweigelt is very similar to that of the Blaufrankisch, in its flavors, color as well as tannin content.

 

(source: http://www.bor-neked.hu)